The country of all countries. Peruvian identity formed when the indigenous Andean origins—the Inca vision of the Cuatro Suyos—clashed with the conquering spirit of the Spaniards. While the original outcome was submission to Western culture, the inevitable fusion of these civilizations forged a complex new identity of Peru that's full of contradictions as a result of differing life principles and values. Circumstances added other elements to this fusion which made it even more complex. Eastern spirit and values; the joy and hardworking nature of Africa, Italian, French, Japanese and German ways of life and customs. Peruvian identity is rich, diverse and has both Andean roots and a strong international influence.